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Legalization was approved with Ballot Measure 2 in 2014. The first cultivation license was granted in July 2016, with retail sales beginning in October 2016
FY 2017 Revenues $1.7 million.
Licensing and Tracking: Marijuana Control Board
Tax Administration: Alaska Dept. of Revenue
Arizona Proposition 207, Marijuana Legalization Initiative approved on 2020 Ballot [59.9% to 40.1%].
Legalization was approved with Proposition 64 in 2016. Personal use and growth were legal beginning in November 2016. Retail sales began January 2018
notes, medical marijuana was exempted from the state sales tax on November 2016 by Prop. 64.
FY 2018 Revenues (two quarters) $134 million.
Tracking and Licensing: CalCannabis Cultivations Licensing (CA Dept. of Food & Agriculture
Tax Administration: California Dept. of Tax and Fee Administration
Legalization began when voters approved Constitutional Amendment 64 in 2012. Colorado became the first state to begin legal sales when retail stores opened in January 2014.
FY 2018 State Revenues $251 million.
Tracking, Licensing and Taxes: Colorado Dept. of Revenue
Revenue and Sales Data
Voters approved Ballot Initiative 71 in 2014 that allowed possession of less than two ounces of marijuana. However, Federal law does NOT permit the cultivation, distribution and retail sales of Marijuana.
Bipartisan bill H.B. 1438, which the General Assembly passed May 31, will allow adults 21 and
older to buy marijuana from licensed dispensaries starting January 1, 2020. Pritzker signed the
bill June 25.
Tracking and Licensing [Illinois Dept. of Financial & Professional Regulation]
Voters approved marijuana legalization with the Ballot Question 1 in 2016. This allowed possession and individuals to grow marijuana beginning on January 30, 2017. On May 2, 2018, the Legislature overrode the Governor's veto of LD 1719, An Act to Implement a Regulatory Structure for Adult Use Marijuana. Retail sales began on October 9, 2020.
Taxes: Maine Revenue Service
Legalization was approved with Ballot Question 4 in 2016. While the ballot question set January 2018 as the date for retail sales to begin, legislation H 3818 delayed first sales until after July 1, 2018 and set various tax rates. It also created a Cannabis Control Commission with 5 appointed members.
The first cultivation license was issued on June 21, 2018, and the first retail store openned on November 20, 2018.
Tracking and Licensing: Massachusetts Cannabis Control Commission
Taxes: Massachusetts Dept. of Revenue
Voters recently approved Ballot Proposal 1 in the 2018 election authorizing the cultivation, distribution and retail sales of recreational Marihuana. State policymakers now need to approve legislation to implement the proposal. Details on taxes and regulation will be spelled out in future legislation. Legal retail sales began on December 6, 2019.
Tracking and Licensing: Michigan Dept. of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs
Montana I-190, Marijuana Legalization and Tax Initiative approved on the 2020 ballot [56.6% to 43.4%].
The Montana Department of Revenue would be responsible for regulating the cultivation, manufacture, transport, and sale of marijuana in Montana. It would begin accepting marijuana provider and dispensary applications by January 1, 2022.
Legal sales of Marijuana were approved by the voters with Ballot Question 2 in 2016. While the Ballot Question setup January 1, 2017 as the start date for retail sales, the Dept. of Taxation approved regulations allowing sales to begin on July 1, 2017. Due to supply conditions, the Department temporarily permitted medical facilities to sell recreational marijuana.
Tracking, Licensing and Taxes: Nevada Dept. of Taxation
The Governor recently sign HB 2 which provides for the retail sales of recreational marijuana beginning April 2022.
The legislation creates a Cannabis Control Division of the Regulation and Licensing Department to administer licenses and collection taxes.
New Jersey Marijuana Legalization Amendment was approved on the 2020 ballot [66.9% to 33.1%].
The constitutional amendment would take effect on January 1, 2021.
The five-member Cannabis Regulatory Commission (CRC), which was first established to oversee the state's medical-marijuana program, would be responsible for regulating the cultivation, processing, and sale of recreational marijuana.
The legislature has approved and the Governor signed S. 854 which allows for recreational marijuana sales beginning April 1, 2022.
Tracking, Licensing and Taxes: New York State Department of Taxation and Finance
Voters approved Initiative Measure 91 in 2014 that legalized recreational marijuana allowing possession of up to 8 ounces and four plants. It also required the Liquor Control Commission to regulate sales. Legislation was approved in the 2015 session that allowed retail sales to begin on October 1, 2015, initially through medical dispensaries on a temporary basis. Recreational marijuana retail licenses were granted beginning October 1, 2016.
Tracking and Licensing: Oregon Liquor Control Commission
Taxes: Oregon Dept. of Revenue
South Dakota Constitutional Amendment A, Marijuana Legalization Initiative was approved on the 2020 ballot [53.4% to 46.6%]. NOTE: Constitutional Amendment A is currently being litigated in state court.
The amendment would require the South Dakota State Legislature to pass laws providing for a program for medical marijuana and the sale of hemp by April 1, 2022.
In September, the legislature approved S. 54. If signed by the governor, this bill would authorize Retail Sales of recreational marijuana begining October 1, 2022. The provisions of S. 54 are below.
- The Cannabis Control Board (3-member board to be created)
- Department of Taxes [https://tax.vermont.gov]
In January 2018, the governor signed H. 511 permitting the possession of 1 ounce of marijuana and two plants. It did NOT allow the retail sales of marijuana but created a Marijuana Advisory Commission which would submit recommendations to the legislature on future retail sales.
Vermont Marijuana Advisory Commission
The legislature approved and the governor signed SB 1406 [HB 2312] which legalizes possession and allows for the retail sales of Marijuana. Legal possession of of one ounce or less will be allowed July 1, 2021, while retail sales will begin January 1, 2024.
Virginia Cannabis Control Authority will be created and issue regulations by July 1, 2023.
Voters approved Measure Initiative 502 in 2012 which legalized the possession, distribution and sales of marijuana. It required the State Liquor Control Board to regulate and tax the retail sale of Marijuana. Legislation in 2015 (H 2136) changed the tax rate (from 25% wholesale and retail tax) to the current 37% rate and changed the name to the Washington State Liquor and Cannibas Board.
Retail sales began July 2014, with Washington became the second state to permit retail sales of recreational marijuana. Note, medical dispensaries were required to obtain a retail license after June 2016.
Tracking, Licensing and Taxes: Washington State Liquor and Canabis Board
Information on past and future Ballot Initiatives.
Source: Federation of Tax Administrators from various sources
Updated - April 16, 2021